I’m currently reviewing a book for the McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry. While reading it, I came across a nice, concise and coherent, distinction between biblical and systematic theology. I like it, because while distingushing the two it also points to their unity and mutually enriching character. He writes:
Biblical theology is faith seeking understanding of the redemptive-historical and literary unity of the Bible in its own terms, concepts, and contexts. Systematic theology is faith seeking understanding of the logical coherence of the Bible in conversation with the church’s tradition and contemporary theology.
Jeremy R. Treat, The Crucified King: Atonement and Kingdom in Biblical and Systematic Theology (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2014), 35.
To round out the last part of the definition, I would that the ‘conversation’ also includes present experience of God’s Spirit (or what the church discerns the Spirit is doing).